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Laser cooling is being proposed as mean to cooling highly relativistic ion beams.

General References on l-cooling

  • 2020: M. W. Krasny et al., High-luminosity Large Hadron Collider with laser-cooled isoscalar ion beams arXiv:2003.11407
    • Description of a proposal for a isoscalar ion collider in the LHC, including laser-cooling related aspects.
  • 2019: Martens , Aurelien, Gamma Factory Proof-of-Principle Experiment (
    • Details of the PoP Experiment in the SPS
  • 2015: A. Petrenko, Ion-photon interaction kinematics and laser cooling of ion in a storage ring python notebook